Pre-season fitness plan

Area

Up to a full pitch

Equipment

Balls, cones, goals, poles

No. of players

Up to 11v11

Session time

Circuit 12mins,

Box game 20mins, Halves game 23mins, 11v11 games 30mins

This is a pre-season fitness plan that gets players back into shape in time for the start of the new season. It uses a ball in each practice and helps players combine technical skills with positioning and movement, both as drills and team games.

This is a great plan that has been utilised at a number of sides I have coached. It’s workable for players of any level and any age.

What do I get the players to do?

Circuit

This is a circuit that practises passing and running both with and without the ball. It would typically follow a 15-minute warm-up with the conditioning coach.

Setting up as shown (1), reds at the front of each line begin by passing the ball forward to a yellow, who stops it. Each red runs diagonally up and around the flag. Moving along the top, he dribbles the ball from one cone to another, stops it at the second, then runs around the second flag before joining the back of the line.

1

• In Circuit, reds move around the area in a clockwise direction, while yellows work anti-clockwise. Both teams must run and dribble at high intensity

Yellows make the same movement in the other direction so that both teams are working.

We run this twice – one minute at high intensity, with a one-minute rest in between.

As a progression to boost aerobic capacity, we ask for one-touch passing to start. We’ll will need at least eight men per line as the demands are great on players to get around the circuit quickly. Alternatively, we can use the same number but reduce the area size.

We’ll also ask players to make different passes – diagonally before making a straight run (2); then passing straight before making a diagonal run to the opposite corner flag (which removes the dribbling task).

2

• In one of the progressions, players pass diagonally and run straight. This, for example, could mimic a full-back who passes inside before sprinting to the wing

Box game

Here, two pitches work at the same time with coaches overseeing each.

Setting up as shown, three or four passes must be made for a point to be awarded (3). The ball is fed back to the coach in that square,  who transfers it into a new quarter (4). All players must then run over into the new possession quarter. This is best of three with the winning team having scored the most points – 5 minutes per game, with 90 seconds rest in between.

3

• In Box game, the team in possession has to make three of four consecutive passes in the first part of the challenge

4

• The ball is then fed back to the coach, who floats a pass into a different quarter where the team in possession must take control of the ball and construct another passing sequence

Halves game

Again, two pitches work at the same time. The team out of possession can send across up to four players to press and win the ball (5, left pitch). If successful, they switch the ball back into their own half, then retreat ready to keep possession themselves. Any team that kicks the ball out relinquishes possession.

To progress, we can add a keeper at each end – the team in possession uses this player to help keep the ball (5, right pitch).

5

1. In the Halves game (example one), the red team, the red team on the left pitch is pressured by two opposing yellows, who are closing down looking to turn over possession
2. On the right pitch (example two), there is a ‘keeper’ at each end who supports the team in possession. Four yellows are pressing on this occasion

11v11 games

The Halfway line game encourages players to attack and defend as a team, working forwards and backwards continuously. A goal only counts if every player on the team (apart from the keeper) is on or over the halfway line to support the attacking play. If all of defending team are not back in their own half when the opposition scores, the goal is doubled (6a).

6a

1. In the Halfway line game, reds score a legitimate goal since all their men are in the opposition half
2. In addition, they are awarded an extra point as one yellow player failed to get back into his own half in support of his team mates

This game encourages players to attack and defend as a team. Good concentration is vital, with incentives (and penalties) for not working as a unit.

The second game, called Numbers game, includes high intensity sprints and introduces smaller numbers in a big area at certain moments in the game (which means more distance to cover and an increase in aerobic demand). Each outfield player in the team is numbered between 1 and 10. On the coach’s command, the player called out must sprint around, firstly, one of the six poles; then, as a progression, two poles, before he can return to the game (6b).

6b

• In the progression of the Numbers game, the number 3 called by the coach has to run around two poles before returning to action. This creates space in the middle that opposition players should look to exploit

This game encourages aerobic activity and is useful in helping the coach manufacture overload situations.

What are the key things to look out for?

In each game we’re looking for teamwork, communication, passing, running and movement skills. Although basic, these are key elements where pre-season training is concerned because everything we go on to coach throughout the course of the campaign is based around these specific foundations.