Some modern-day formations can make it difficult to gain a true understanding of attacking principles. For that reason, working on movements and link play in the attacking third is key.
At Burnley we like to operate in a 4-4-2 formation, and we make sure our strikers understand the importance of linking and being productive. It’s difficult to get two players linking ‘naturally’, and young centre-forwards these days are often schooled in 4-3-3, so educating them to play with two up front is vital for real centre-forward understanding. What I will say though is that attacking play is easier to coach compared to other outfield areas for the obvious reason that a goal comes as a result… we hope!
This type of session will be used on an ad hoc basis but more so when new centre-forwards have been brought in.
Use of half-pitch
Balls, cones, goal
Number of Players
8v8 plus keepers
Unopposed practices 20mins
Opposed practices 20mins
Small-sided game 20mins
What do I get the players to do?
At first we start without opposition players being involved. Passing patterns and combinations from full-backs and midﬁeld players form the basis of the first three practices we show in this session.
1- Build-up play into two strikers
In this first phase the practice is run without opponents, as shown.
1. The ball begins with the defender 2. An initial pass is played into the midfield 3. The premise here is for the midfielder to instinctively receive, turn, look up and play into the centre-forwards 4. Centre-forwards now link to manufacture a shot on goal
2 – Soft diagonals
In the second phase we now utilise shorter and ‘softer’ diagonal passes, as shown.
1. ‘Soft diagonal’ passes are now played into the second striker – here it’s from the central midfielder 2. The movement of the first striker is vital 3. Runs and passes are now curved and non-direct compared to the first practice
3- Reverse runs
This set-up is designed to practise reverse runs and timing of movement onto the ball, as shown.
1. The striker moves away from goal at first 2. He bends his blind side run to come around the back of his team mate 3. Strikers effectively swap positions in making intelligent, unpredictable runs 4. Movement must be thought out and precise if the supporting attacker is to run onto a pass at the right time
What are the key things to look out for?
Centre-forwards can often over-elaborate in their movements and perhaps aren’t as aware as they should be of their striking partner’s runs, so the emphasis here is on recognising good team possession with players showing sound awareness of timing and movement.
How do I progress the practices?
The obvious progression for all of these practices is to add in opponents and run them again (see below).
4- Adding defenders
We now add in a back four whose job it is to sit tight until the ball comes near them. They do not need to advance down the pitch as we want to test attackers’ ingenuity in the final third, seeing if they use the sharp and soft diagonals, reverse and curved runs used so far.
• In the progression we add defenders to make the set-up opposed in the final third
5- Small-sided game
This is 2v2 in each attacking third and 4v4 in midﬁeld. One attacker is able to overload from the central zone where midfield players are two-touch; centre-forwards, meanwhile, are ‘all in’.
The zone restrictions shown are important in helping to set up and emphasise links between centre-forwards.
We’ll also encourage passive defending at first, leading up to full defending when we can see attacking players are mastering the principles and doing well. We can also alter the size of the pitch depending on the skill level and success of the players as the practice develops.
• The small-sided game is designed to make the feeding of the ball into centre-forwards regular and direct, enabling players to showcase ball skills, movement and link-up play
What are the key things to look out for?
Technically, we want to see a good first touch, with clever one- and two-touch passes. Securing and keeping possession is vital, which means, tactically, players must have an understanding and awareness of pitch geography. So they must be thinking, ‘Where am I on the pitch? Where is the ball? Where are the defenders? Where is the space?’.
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“…fantastic… I encourage all my coaches to read it,”